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The COVID-19 black swan crisis: Reaction and recovery of various financial markets

Abstract : This paper examines and compares financial market reaction and recovery of four broad classes of financial assets – equity indexes, precious metals, 10-year benchmark bonds and cryptocurrencies, to the COVID-19 pandemic. The data set comprises daily observations of close prices in the selected markets from 17-04-2018 to 20-06-2021. Using the Yang and Zhao (2020) and Koenker and Xiao (2004) quantile unit-root tests for return persistence, we find heterogeneity in reactions and recovery patterns not only across asset classes, but also within them. Specifically, we find strong potential for mean reversion in equity markets even at high levels of shocks. While gold offers limited mean reversion, platinum shows very strong resistance to the COVID. Government bonds show small declines in value to the COVID in addition to high persistence. Cryptocurrencies, as a group, turn out to be the riskiest in the long-term, with more than a 50% decline in value coupled with high degrees of persistence. Our results raise questions as to the safe haven characteristics of the newly-popular Bitcoin. Our findings are useful for policy makers and investors through a better understanding of differences in the potential for mean reversion provided by different asset classes.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 5, 2021 - 4:04:55 PM
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Larisa Yarovaya, Roman Matkovskyy, Akanksha Jalan. The COVID-19 black swan crisis: Reaction and recovery of various financial markets. Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, 2022, 59, pp.101521. ⟨10.1016/j.ribaf.2021.101521⟩. ⟨hal-03417247⟩



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