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Do corporate governance mechanisms curb the anti-environmental behavior of firms worldwide? An illustration through waste management

Abstract : Driven by the current surge in environmental and climate issues and the pressure of the government and regulatory bodies on corporations to diminish their carbon trails, this study uniquely examines the impact of distinct corporate governance mechanisms on the level of waste produced on a global sample of firms during 2002-2019. Our findings show that corporate governance mechanisms are important predictors of the level of waste produced by firms worldwide. In particular, the board size, board independence, and sustainability committees are linked to a higher level of waste produced. Conversely, the board gender diversity reduces the waste produced, and CEO duality is not associated with the level of waste produced. Our results are robust to alternate proxies of main variables, potential endogeneity concerns (using propensity score matching, two-stage least squares, and generalized system method of moments technique), and additional analyses. Further analysis shows that larger and gender-diverse boards improve the firm’s waste recycling behavior, whereas board independence and the presence of a sustainability committee are negatively related to waste recycling. The study has vital insinuations in developing efficient, ethical regulations and guidelines for corporate boards specifically from the perspective of waste management, environmental protection, and restoration.
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https://hal-rennes-sb.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03602986
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 9, 2022 - 3:28:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 10, 2022 - 3:22:30 AM

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Yasir Shahab, Ammar Ali Gull, Asad Ali Rind, Aitzaz Ahsan Alias Sarang, Tanveer Ahsan. Do corporate governance mechanisms curb the anti-environmental behavior of firms worldwide? An illustration through waste management. Journal of Environmental Management, Elsevier, 2022, 310, pp.114707. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.114707⟩. ⟨hal-03602986⟩

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